Take a fresh look at your lifestyle.


In Albania, there are no indifferent masses, nor a herd instinct, says Dr. Herbert Louis; They are the Nitzsche’s over-men, these primitive Albanians – something between kings and tigers, says the other scholar Henry Noel Brailsford, while Herodotus about Thracians said: If they were either under the government of an individual or united among themselves, their strength would, in my opinion, render them invincible; but this is a thing impossible… (1)
Albanianism is a small world in itself, where diversity is extremely emphasized and individuality is in culmination. To put together a group of single-minded Albanians, is quite impossible, even if this is required by certain circumstances. This peculiarity has many negative consequences for the strongly needed national unity, but if it is seen in a global context, the individuality is a value. As it seems, Albanians will continue to face many problems between themselves until the national interests will disappear worldwide and a pure type of globalism will start to rule; or until that time when only the individual interest will come to terms. Not accidentally, the empires that have ruled Albania have made Albanians emperors, viziers or kings. They have noticed and used this individuality, this Albanian virtue of leading.
Albanians have functioned as a group as far as a family level (not any wider), and for this reason, the institution of the family is very much developed among the Albanians. However, in the modern days, the family has started to get more vulnerably affected by the loss of its cultural elements.
An Albanian has a history of survival, and the constant imminent danger has instinctually prepared him to reinforce his houses, transforming them into Kulla (Albanian characteristic towers), protecting their doorstep with guns (thus the keeping of guns in the Albanian culture is a heritage that has to do with the protection of the family and honor, when there is no state authority to do so). The ability of an Albanian have been only to protect his families, considering that he have always been under attack by the super powers of the time, so he couldn’t manage to protect the deeper edges of his fellow-men (co-nationals). This constant concentration on the family has consequently caused a lack of a noted national awareness, as well until today we have a generation of leaders that are more interested in their family matters and their close circle of friendship connections than on the Albanians living at the far corners of their nation, in a difficult political and economical situation under the constant multidimensional oppression of their neighbors, so that the Albanians continue to shrink in their ethnic boundaries even in these modern times. Meanwhile, the Albanian people continue behaving differently towards foreigners and towards themselves. Towards the foreigners, surprisingly, there is a divided unity in polarized duality, while towards themselves it is extremely haughty. Let’s focus on the anthropological and cultural reasons of why this happens.

® Eupedia
Every science focuses on the causes in order to understand the consequences. The consequences that we are undergoing today derive from a chain of causes that lies beyond our times. Even today we are producing the causes for the consequences of tomorrow. We all are a product of history. Every person in the world holds on his shoulders the human history, since the creation and until today, and we can say that we are the ultimate link of the evolution chain that derives from the past. Meanwhile, science clarifies that the human DNA saves registered data for at least 6000 years, which means that if before 6000 years our ancestors have had a certain cultural experience, it still remains in our DNA for a long period of time. If an individual decides to remain faithful to the inherited culture and traditions, the cultural elements will continue to pertain for the next 6000 years, among future generations. The common experiences of a people are being registered in their own genetic code. According to the scholars of these fields, from the analysis of DNA, DR, DQ and HLA (the antigens in the white blood cells), Albanians own a genetic identity in themselves, which is described as the oldest in the Mediterranean and very homogeneous (especially before the arrival of the heterogenic Indo-European people before 2000 B.C.) according to being ancient and unchangeable, but very heterogeneous in their deep roots.
Here are some of the Albanians haplogroups:
Y-chromosome (Y-DNA)
E1b1b1a; E1b1b1a2; E3b; E3b1a (E-M78); E-V13; I; I1; I1b2 (M-26); I2; I2a; I2a1; I2b; J2; J2a; J2b (J-M12); J2e (M-102); J1; R1a; R1b; G; G2a…
Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA):
H; (H1+H3); V; J; T; U; (U4); (U5); K; I; W …
The Albanians have very common haplotypes with those of other Mediterranean and European people. If any individual who belongs to any of these haplotypes, but it is not culturally Albanian, would have been taken back naturally to the evolution of the common Pelasgian culture, which is found today among Albanians, this process would not have been called assimilation, but instead it would have been a cultural renaissance towards a true globalization, as it was the Pelasgic era, where all the people were one (similarity in culture). If an Albanian decided not to inherit this culture which was directly evolved among Albanians, it would be called assimilation. The modification and modernization of the Pelasgic culture, is a natural progress, but its abandonment is assimilation. During history, the Albanians have not assimilated other people (even though they have been continuously assimilated by other new emerging nations), but anthropologically, the Albanians can be found in all of the Mediterranean and European people. In fact, Albanians constitute the original image in the mirror of all the people around them. In another article I will bring data and details on the haplogroups types of the Albanians and their amazing antiquity (2).
The roots in history (Pelasgians)
“If there is a truly autochthonous race in the world it is certainly the Albanian race” (3). The oldest name that identifies the culture or the autochthonous people on which Albanians stand (derive), is Pelasgian, who were characterized by a common language and cultural values (4, 5, 6… 7), “who lived since prehistoric times in most parts of the world then known, developing a very important civilization and building various structures of remarkable value” (the megalithic culture (8)), their time has a continuity from prehistory to history. After the many frictions between them, there appeared some serious cultural cracks which brought to wars in between the Pelasgian tribes.
The Albanians are the oldest mixture of the Pelasgian tribes that by instinct withdrew themselves to the mountains of Illyrian peninsula, as a result of the wars after the first cultural divisions and language divisions, which as a result brought to division between nations. Similar withdrawals of Pelasgians happened even in other corners of the three continents that surround the Mediterranean, where usually these people (nations) were called Albans (because they usually survived in the mountains (30)). Amongst Albans of the Balkans crouched other Illyrian, Thracian, and Etruscan tribes, in one word, Pelasgian tribes, that survived still not assimilated; meanwhile the Albans in other places of the earth got assimilated by “others” around them. The Albans of the Balkans are the only ones that have survived from that time, while the others evolved and mixed with other cultures, creating in this way other nations. The Albans of Balkans (Illyrians and other tribes from the same people/culture, as Thracians, Etruscans, etc.) that had remained unassimilated underwent other contractions by continuous invasions, mainly from the east, north-east and south-east. They withdrew to the mountains of this region and set the Adriatic coast as the last line of their border. From every of those tribes there were survivors bearing the future name as an Albanian, but many were assimilated from other invading nations. That is why nowadays we have Slavs, Greeks, Italians, Turks, Germans and Celts, genetically the same as Albanians in DNA, but culturally these individuals are assimilated in another nation and have not reached to safeguard the originality of their ancient culture. If they would have ever done that, today they would have been identified as similar to Albanians and would have spoken their common language as in antiquity, the Pelasgic language, which is the closest language to the Albanian language.
Even the conclusions reached from analysis of religious texts tell us that the Pelasgians are the people that lived before the prophet Noah; the ones who were divided at the time of the famous Babel tower, from which a small original part survived from that time and is continuously shrinking around the Mediterranean mountains. Their unassimilated core remained finally snuggled in the mountains of Illyrian peninsula. (7)

® Zakaria Mayani
After we mentioned the diversity from where the Albanian core came from, it is ironic the fact of the unique place where this people dwells and survives, a relatively small territory where even the mountains, fields, rivers and seas seem to have been snuggled inside it. Around the Mediterranean, it is one of the few places that offers a tight closeness of the mountain with the sea, and where at the same time the climate is divided in mediterranean, tropical and subtropical. Albanians undergo all the extremities of a climate, experiencing a cold winter as in the north-west of the world and a hot summer as in the south-east of the world. The humidity of the air is lower than the west and higher than the east, that is why the summer temperatures, even though lower than those of the east, are experienced higher, just like winter being freezing and colder than in north-west. This particular climate extremely influences the multidimensional tampering of the main characteristics of the human race. This high climatic diversity, as well as geographical (relieve) and historical one, have done their part in the shaping of the Albanians.
The language (7), the symbols (9), (7), the clothes (10), (7), the dancing (10), (11), (7), the songs (12), (13) and all the cultural elements that configure the national identity, are in a full balance with other factors mentioned up to now, thus, they have emphasized diversity elements in origin (starting point) and represent an attractive mosaic for the globalized world.
Let’s have a look at them step by step. It is outstanding how in Albanian language are included all the possible melodies created by the phonetics of the world languages. Even in the Indo-European language axiom, the Albanian language cannot be divided in neither of the eastern (satem) or western (centum) branches. It stays in the middle, because it has elements of creation of both branches (14), (7). Hundreds of sub-dialects, in a relatively small territory, shows a particularity that tells more about the history of the shrinkage endured by the ancestors of Albanians. Their tribes have lived in remote distances from each-other to the point of evolving their common language in different aspects, but the subsequent invasions have obliged the ancient autochthones to retreat to the closest mountains (15).
What about symbols?
– Well, in the Albanian cultural identity, there are miraculously preserved some of the world’s oldest symbols. Starting from Neolithic symbols that are appear in tattoo drawings among the Albanian highlanders, pictograms in stones and clothes, Mithraism, other symbols of antique cultures shaped by the ancestors of the Albanians, and until the most recent national identifying symbols that attract attention. Thus, many ancient cultures, or already lost ones, can find resemblances in the symbols used continuously by Albanians.
The multi dimensions of the Albanian culture can be seen in their traditional clothes. There we can see the preservation of the elements of most ancient cultures, created by the same Pelasgic people around the Mediterranean. Xhubleta is an existing miracle together with Plis.Fustanella and Tirqit are beautiful and ancient. The colors are completely basic ones (white, black and red). But, as other cultural elements, Albanians have included the whole mosaic of other tendencies in them, thus depending on tribe differences we notice the usage of other colors like, brown, yellow and blue, in combination with each other. Other colors can be used in relation to special cases like rites, feasts and wealth, embroidery with gold is an example of the later. The Albanians living in the east together with Çam people tend to use more colors in their clothes. The same thing can be said for the Arbëresh in Italy. The traditional clothing is closely related to symbolism as well.

® Luljeta Dano
Meanwhile, the dancing of the Albanians remind me of the kung-fu kata in Asia, but there is much more sublimity in the Albanian dancing (this is to be noticed as well in the way of speaking and thinking), in comparison to the acrobatic moves of the Asians. Even dancing, just like the other elements of the Albanian culture, come real in modern times from ancient days. The symbolic, emotional state and exposure, or the appearances of culture in general, are characteristics of Albanian dancing.
The songs similarly show the balancing role of the Albanians between the east and the west. In their songs, there can be noticed eastern and western elements at the same time. There are used many musical instruments in the Albanian folk songs, and strangely enough the more instruments are being used the more “Albanian” they sound! Not coincidentally, Albanian music tastes do not exclude neither tunes coming from the east nor those coming from the west, and when creating music, they use elements from both these different music poles. It is interesting to mention that since the very beginnings of the world music, where sounds were created by using natural materials like stones, leaves, wood, and until the modern times where a number of instruments are used at once, the Albanian music remains the same as in ancient times, preserving its uniqueness. If we notice carefully the singing style of Albanians, from north to south, it would be a fascinating travel in time. The chain of Albanian songs has its own links in accordance to the tribal differences, starting from the north where there is one voice (mono), traveling through the central Albania (from Tetovo to Kercova), where double voice is used, and continuing to the south where many voices sing in a song (polyphony). The same differences are noticed even in dancing as well as in symbols, but also in the spoken language, where everything is connected and influenced by a tribal diversity (a cultural mosaic).

® Jaho Brahaj
This heritage, generation after generation, is the holiest and noblest part of the Albanian culture which differs it from a culture that is learned and indoctrinated in institutions. The heritage does not leave room for any fakeness, while the pseudo social indoctrination does.
The Albanian culture, which comes until nowadays from prehistory, bears within itself periods when humans created new religions or changed their existing ones. The Kanun, or the oath (the religion) (29), inherited non written fragments of Albanian culture, has survived as part of the antique culture (16), from where summaries of religious books sprouted and were also followed by the chain of many prophets known by mankind, until the parts that are now infiltrated in the universities all around the world in the form of legislative works like “The code of Justinian”, which has remained even nowadays the cornerstone of the modern civil rights. Even the Christian monotheism or the pre-Greek paganism, are to be found entwined inside of the Albanian culture (17). This is reflected also in the cultural tendency of every Albanian that has inherited the so called Albanianism. As a uniquely well known worldwide model, we can mention here the Illyrian emperor of the Roman Empire, the great Constantine, who died as a pagan but made monotheism (Christianity) official for the first time in the year 313, in his capacity as a Roman Emperor (from that time Europe could be called Christian). Not to mention here the life of Georg Kastrioti Skanderbeg who bears in himself exactly this Albanian equilibrium.
Today, the religion of Albanians is influenced by the late periods of its development and from the surrounding cultures, but it has always remained in harmony with what is called the fundamental, the common culture of antiquity.
The contrariness of the new nations, which derives from their versions of new religions they believe, have no impact on Albanians(those who stay faithful to their national identity) since these occurrences get eliminated by the vast space of the Albanian culture, which includes in itself all the historical diversities. The survival of this culture has spontaneously harmonized the issues of those that focus on the “branches”. The branches can clash with each-other, but they are always united by the root (notice that when Albanians go away from their national consciousness or the common roots, they start a religious and sub-cultural division). The Albanian culture stands on deep roots. The entire preaching chain of monotheistic prophets, together with paganism on the other hand, coexists harmonically inside of the Albanian culture. All the cultural extremities can be found inside of it, so, if this culture has reached to survive until today, it can be taken as a model for the solution of many social problems in today’s world. The philosophy of the Albanian renaissance period, that the religion of the Albanians is Albanianism, interlinks together miraculously all the religions/religion of mankind, no matter the names. Because the creation and development of every kind of religion, since the creation of mankind, is equal to the birth of the Albanian (the formation of our nation is not influenced only by one religion, one ideology or any geostrategic interest), that does not reckon a starting point or a division from the common Pelasgian root, but is a direct cultural and racial evolution, together with the rest of mankind, preserving naturally in itself the multidimensional differences of the common core. Whichever old religion that exists today, or has their roots in the common Pelasgian times, or is a continuity of that tradition – automatically becomes a religion of the Albanians too!
Not casually Lady Mary Wortley Montag expresses in such way about this case: I believe there is no other race of mankind have so modest an opinion of their own capacity (18), adding here Stephen Schwartz (19), director of the pluralistic Islamic center, who distinguishes the Albanian model as the perfect solution for religious problems in the civilized world. The Canadian Prime Minister, Stephen Harpe (20), mentions Albania as a model to the world, meanwhile, Dr. Scarlett Epstein (21), who requires for the entire world to adopt the Besa (faith, “religion”) of the Albanians. It is worth mentioning here these references as well: 22, 23, 24.
The social and political organization
a) The state borders (25), or other forms of social organization of Albanians are always defined and continue to be defined by foreigners, or are depending on the limits of endurance against occupations. The Albanian territory has been a restrictive area, as a result of continuous expansion. The social and political organization of Albanians has always been variable depending on the circumstances, originating since the city-states of the ancient times (another indicator of an Albanian characteristic of contrariness against each-other), until today’s tendency to create the united nation (a tendency that has remained unfulfilled). The mutual name of all these periods is the difficulty of the Albanians in creating a political unity. The reasons behind this are different, some of which are mentioned beforehand.
Just like everything that goes towards division, opening, development, both from macro or micro point of view, where since the Big Bang explosion, the universe moved fast towards expanding and dividing; in this way, from a micro point of view, mankind goes towards a continuous opening and division. The divisions brings forth “the different one”, who causes diversity which causes conflicts as well, that is why mankind has continuously invented ideologies that bring people together and homogenize them. But these ideologies were not at all synchronized with the human nature, thus they have failed. Empires, caliphates, old and new ideologies, all they have failed or are in failing process.
The Albanian case is very specific, because they are created from the unification of the oldest tribes in the region, forced by the continuous invasion of other cultures which were nothing but divisions of the same old root. This forced union for survival, as a result of historical circumstances, from the side of those old tribes of the same Pelasgian root, living in a relatively large area away from each-other, has created a mosaic and extreme heterogeneity within the national homogeneity of Albanians. The long time they have passed together with their natural human feelings to stay separated, to evolve while staying distant, has caused an extreme individuality in the Albanian society. Now there are no more tendencies for tribe division or formation of new nations, as it was in antiquity, but the phenomenon has infiltrated to “atomism” or to the individuality. Those Albanians that tend to disunite or dissociate while meeting other cultures or foreign nations, and there remains no other compromise but to get assimilatedinside of them in order to “evolve”. The ones that naturally contradict this compromise (in this case the todays Albanians), in order to stay faithful to the ancient traditions, face various anomalies along the process of meeting new cultures, tribes or nations. The natural tendency to dissociateand the other natural tendency to stay faithful to the tradition, combined with the extreme differences in between themselves and the new (foreign) culture, tribe or nation that he meet, has caused that a part of Albanians, nevertheless, would stay faithful to the national identity and would turn back, so they can live together in the only core that has remained true since prehistory. This phenomenon has influenced further the division between the same kinds, creating in this way within a culture the most individualistic society in the world (in a broad sense of the word).

® Pandi Mele
This outcome has a catastrophic impact for the national union (awareness) as well as creates tensions inside of the same kind, but at the same time it is very interesting for the global culture, where the individual is at the center of attention. The individuality of Albanians is noticed by all the invaders, who while occupying and administering the territory have used the leading skills of the Albanians that come as a result of the individuality. This fact was particularly utilized by the Roman Empire and the Ottoman one. Let us hope that these skills will be noticed as well even after the fall of the global pseudo-nationalisms and the creation of a functionally effective international (human) system.
b) Equal amidst equals. This was the formula that Skanderbeg used in order to unify a large part of Albanians (26). The laws created by a person or elite which wants to rule above the other people, cannot be respected freely by Albanians, but the laws that help them grow or make them feel good morally and spiritually, are naturally respected. The Kanun was unwritten, but its laws were known and respected naturally by Albanians, because those laws can be found deep in the morals of every person that looks for growth, order in society and equality (16). Communism for example is a bad copy of this equality because again in pedestal is one person, or group of people, a thing which was very irritating for the Albanian. The democratic state creates a class division based on the economical income. This is a big problem for the moral laws of the Albanian, who never during history has been a beggar. Nowadays there are many Albanians who are breaking every moral code inherited to them, and with their head down they beg for alms, because the today’s political system has made it impossible for them to work their land and gain the day. On the other hand, there are the militant Albanians, who break their moral codes to support one individual or a group of people in order to not suffer economically. The militant, based on economical interest breaks badly the tradition and the inherited identity of the Albanian. The politics that channels the Albanians towards such action scheme should be immediately changed because it destroys the tradition, the culture and the cultural inclinations of the Albanians. This system simply annihilates the Albanian and empties him from every inherited cultural element.
The Albanians should create themselves a model of social functionality, because just the copy of a foreign model simply will not fit with their cultural singularities. In fact, they should model a political system where can be omitted successful elements from political forms of all modern worlds, but at the same time to closely relate to the moral code which makes every Albanian feel AS an Albanian. An autochthonous politic should be created even for social, economical, touristic, and educational matters. First, should be selected the singularities, in order to use them for the better of the society. It is clear that these singularities cannot be the same with another nation’s ones, and thus a mere copy can create a chaos. The most peculiar singularity of the Albanians is the intangible cultural heritage, about which there should be developed the right politics in order to manifest and safeguard it institutionally. Not every old thing is good as well as not every modernity is necessarily beneficial, thus, Albanians should recognize their inherited goods and should modify them in a modern way, in order to protect themselves from the negativity of the modern times and successfully express their singularities in the future.
This notion that is identified through the national identity, is a natural evolution of the social organism since antiquity, that includes people that identify themselves as being alike, through having the same language and culture, history and common symbols (27) that homogenizes them at that point that they start to perceive themselves as a people with the same present or future interests. These interests or tendencies that are related to their social, economical and political status are deeply embedded in their being, which is forged through years on end. This is how a culture is formed, this is how a civilization is created, this is how a nation is born and consequently this is how the notion of nationalism is born. Extreme nationalism sends us to other mainly negative occurrences for the globalized society, like racism, the super-nation or the supremacy over other people. On the contrary, the identifying nationalism, that protects, manifests virtues and does not anathematize nations, cultures or races, is called positive nationalism. Following this thought I would highlight here the wise saying of our dear Kadare: Without being a genuine nationalist you cannot be a genuine cosmopolitan.
Since the beginnings of nationalism are in tribalism (27), as clans and tribes roots are in families; the gathering of various similar tribes that spoke the same language (primordialism), create a nation, but in the case of Albanians this formation is more specific, and has a different history than that of other nations, who besides having the same language as a starting point have also other bases for their nation formation, like religion, economy, politics or other experimental standards. For the Albanians, a starting point does not exist for the formation of their nation! They are a cultural continuity of three races: dinaric, alpic (that is often considered as part of the dinaric one) and mediterranean, who have lived and dwelled around the Mediterranean in three continents, since prehistory. These races are an integral part of all the nations living in these three continents, but in the mountains of the Illyrian peninsula was saved their cultural continuity since their creation. After the continuous division of cultures/ languages, other new nations started to form while getting away and continuously changing from their Pelasgian stem. This process has continued and still does, meanwhile the unchanging part of the stem still remains around the Mediterranean, and as a result of continuous expansion of other different cultures/people that has caused a continuous restriction towards the epicenter – the mountains of the Illyrian peninsula.
All the tribes that had remained without being assimilated, and that lived far away from each-other (from “Hercules Pillars” in the west, until Caucasus in the east, and from the Baltic sea in north until Egypt in south -15, 28), different races but with the same culture, undoubtedly their provision causes a centrifugal friction from local diversity, as well as a centripetal affinity right to each-other from the risk of assimilation and total extermination, in the other hand.
“The Albanian nationalism” (when it is stripped of all the copied elements of foreign influence, in itself is not any less then national self-awareness), in comparison with that of other nations, it is not invasive or dangerous, but it is very unique and at the same time very contradicting, to the point that cannot be distinguished clearly how the Albanian ethnocentrism in itself may mean multiculturalism (globalism), which is reflected in all the cultural, social and religious elements. This occurrence is closely related to the Albanian being, as the direct extract of the nations’ stem. Deep in the Albanian conscience, the whole mankind can be perceived as a sole “nation”. When we see nationalism from a global perspective, it looks limiting or like self-isolation, but since the modern society is divided in nations, the Albanian who has a natural drive towards globalism, has to copy some foreign nationalistic elements, that would help him create his own nation and to catch up with the others without thinking much that even this system can fail in the future; they have to burn fast the phases which the other nations have already passed. This process is a condition for survival, and after having passed this transitional period, the Albanian has to contribute in the global world as a consolidated nationalist, because only in this way the Albanian can contribute alongside with the other people that are already well settled in their nations.
Today’s Albanian, in principle (taking in consideration the fact that they are ignorant in knowing themselves, an issue that comes as a result of the extraordinary conditions these people have gone through since their creation), scorns everything Albanian and always admires “the foreigner” as a being evolved in greater freedom in relation with them and much more developed than them. The greatest example is the index of eurocentrism and multiculturalismamong the Albanians, which is much higher than among Europeans themselves.
Being Albanian, it is not only a way of thinking, behaving, a culture or a psychological/social drive; In order to have all this, one has to be born as such, thus, having registered in your DNA all the unique heritage of this people that has survived in extraordinary circumstances since the creation of mankind. People are the same everywhere, while the historical differences can differ them even genetically. To take care only about the problems of the present means to come around in circles of inherited consequences. So, people tend to forget the causes, but not the science!
The diversity in thinking is a value, while homogeneity would create only a flock, herd or a crowd of people, servile to each-other, and we know that in this point Albanians are well known of being too haughty.
Without taking under consideration the consequences of this characteristic, in malfunction among the many imported systems, Albanians should know how to use this cultural tendency for their good. Every Albanian is a model for their diversity, it is not important whether they are right or wrong in what they think and regardless of the level of their intellect they have used, or the information they possess, the import part is their approach to oppose, to challenge, isolating their self individually in what they think. The lack of intellectual knowledge does not have anything to do with the unused capacity. Meanwhile, the anthropologists talk about pronounced capacities of the Albanian race. There exists as well many kinds of other everyday “products” that are famous for their ignorance and should not be taken in consideration. There are many others who remain silent because of the various conditions which have influenced them. Their need to speak in “big words” even for the most common Albanian, derives from the time when their predecessors founded the basic sciences of antiquity and especially the philosophy. Even if this tendency sounds pretty funny when we compare the circumstances with the words, it is good to remember that the circumstances are just a consequence, and we are talking here about the cultural tendency, and if we know how to select it first and use it afterwards, then the Albanians would have the power to change these difficult circumstances. The Albanian, naturally tries to show his greatness, in every cultural element that was inherited to him, like the moral codes, the open language accent (that entwines in itself the most “wild” sounds and the most melancholic ones), the traditional dances, the rhapsodic songs, the amazing clothes and up to the body stature while walking. The Albanian is extremely peaceful, when his moral codes do not allow him to be ferocious, but at the same time, he can become extremely cruel, when his war relates to his moral codes.

® Shpend Bengu
** *
Thus, do not oblige Albanians to behave the same (communism), because in this way an anti-human crime is committed. They are not “tempered” for such a system. At the same time, do not divide them in classes (democratic system), where money and not morals would be the measurement.
So, do not expect the same behavior wherever you find a group of Albanians. Without taking under consideration the real nature of the action (the measure of insanity or good behavior), a group of Albanians will never act the same; even though one of them will appear to be very talented, the fool one will contradict with overconfidence until the end, and vice-versa.
Do not expect all the Albanians to “eat the cake” in the same way; there will be for sure elements among them that would try to stand out.
Do not expect that there will not be party breakers in a party organized by you, where you have invited a bunch of Albanians. There is no doubt that there will be such a thing.
Thus, do not expect all the Albanians to fight their enemies in complete unity because there will for sure be bad traitors, or others that will find a million of other reasons to take an extreme stand, different from the others.
Thus, do not expect all the Albanians to unite in one state, there is no doubt that there will be of them that will create another extremity to follow.
The Albanians are a small group of the world culture. They will face nearly the same problems that the world will face until up to its most extreme corners. This is true even for the positive priorities. The Albanians carry in themselves both sides of the medal.
sides of the medal.
Gazmend Leka
Besir Bajrami
Basra – Iraq
© Do not copy without permission of the author / Ndalohet kopjimi pa lejen e autorit!
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