THE CHAMERIA TRAGEDY WILL SAY: GENOCIDE, ETHNIC CLEANSING , WINNING WAR, GOAL OF HUMAN RIGHTS
By Isuf B. Bajrami
The Cham issue arose as a sharp problem in relations between the two countries, Albania and Greece.
Unparalleled genocide and deportation of ethnic (Muslim) Albanians
from their historic settlements
As early as the Congress of Berlin in 1878 and was justified after the decisions of the Conference of Ambassadors in London in 1913, Chameria and other parts of Albania were unjustly separated, satisfying their annexation, neighboring countries.
Since 1913, Chameria has been considered a land forcibly occupied by Greece.
The Cham issue is a national tragedy, not only in people but also in territories.
The acquisition of the Province of Chameria, this barrier for Greece, opened the door to the absurd claims of Greek chauvinism to take other Albanian spaces.
The Cham tragedy is an injustice that requires a solution
At the southernmost tip of present-day Albania begins the Albanian province of Chameria or as it is called today by the Greek administration Thesprotia.
It is the southernmost part of the ethnic areas of southern Epirus inhabited by Albanians since antiquity (from the Pelasgian-Illyrian times) to the present day.
A people of a continuum ethnic territory. This is evidenced by the authors of Greek antiquity and also the great Greek Encyclopedia as well as many world scientific authorities. This is confirmed by the living presence, the human factor, Albanian in language, culture and traditions.
The population of Chameria has been homogeneous Albanian 99% in the cities, 100% in the villages. Historically, the religious affiliation of the province of Chameria has undergone a long process of change dictated by certain historical circumstances. From paganism, in antiquity, to Catholicism in the first centuries after the new era until the thirteenth-fourteenth century.
The presence of the Catholic faith in Chameria is evidenced by the names of Albanians at that time, especially of its princes such as Pjeter Losha, Gjin Bue Shpata, etc. (mass presence of names Gjin, Gjon, Mark, Lek, Pal etc ..). In these periods (13th-14th centuries) as a result of the Byzantine invasions of the province of Epirus (Greco-Serbian invasions), this province turned to Orthodoxy. Until the early 18th century, the population of this province was of the Orthodox faith.
After this period, the process of Islamism among Albanians begins. As a result of this process, according to statistical data from the Turkish administration, 50% of the Albanian population converted to Islam and 50% maintained the Orthodox faith. These figures to the detriment of Albanian ethnicity have been speculated to date. The 1910 census of the administration of the young Turks proves that there are 83,898 Muslim and Orthodox Albanians living in this province. While the statistical yearbook of the Greek government of 1936 states that only 26,000 Albanians live in Chameria, not to mention the Orthodox Albanians whom the Greek government considers Greek.
As a result of the ethnic cleansing (genocide) that took place in 1944-1945 in the province of Chameria, 30,000 Muslim Albanians were forcibly expelled who found refuge in the Republic of Albania where they still live today.
Today’s population is over 150,000, which is explained by the high birth rate of this population after the genocide.
Meanwhile, in Chameria-Thespasi (Greece) the autochthonous community of Albanians of the Orthodox faith reaches the figure of 250-300,000. Today, this community must not declare its identity as a result of the policy of denial and assimilation pursued by Greek government circles against the presence of ethnic groups in Greek territory.
The indisputable evidence for the presence of Orthodox Albanians today in Chameria (Greece) is the blood and early tribal ties that Muslim Chams have with them, as much as Greek circles will try to deny this presence.
With the decision of the Conference of Ambassadors in London in 1913, this Province was separated from the mother trunk and annexed to the Greek state. Despite its historical resistance and opposition, the autochthonous population of Chameria succumbed to its tragic fate, considering it an ethnic Albanian minority under Greece.
The fate of the Albanian minority of Chameria constitutes an Albanian national tragedy not only in the territories, but also in the people.
Greek politics and official attitude towards the Albanian ethnic minority in Chameria
After the annexation of Chameria in 1913 until today, its population throughout the years under the Greek state has not enjoyed any human and national rights that belong to it.
Greek official circles, based on the absurd concept of denying the existence of ethnic groups in its territory, have pursued a two-way chauvinist policy.
1. To the Albanians of the Orthodox faith, the policy of assimilation, depriving them of any ethnic, cultural, or linguistic rights, considering them Greek, so they deliberately confused religion and nationality, an action they still do today towards Albanians, claiming that all Orthodox are Greek.
2. To the Albanians of the Islamic faith, they applied the policy of genocide and extermination, also denying ethnicity. In many cases, they have deliberately considered them Turkish-Cham and not Albanian-Cham.
This tragedy, designed almost a century ago, by Greece, achieved its goal at the end of World War II in 1944-1945 when the criminal gangs of the infamous General Napolon Zerva carried out the ethnic cleansing of the Muslim Albanians of Chameria.
Genocide, the continuous ethnic cleansing of Albanians in Chameria
In order to achieve their predatory intentions, the official Greek circles never respected the Albanian population of Chameria, showing ingratitude for the valuable historical contribution that this people and this province have historically given to the Greek people for centuries.
1. Immediately after the annexation, she violently subjugated the innocent Albanian population, treacherously killing 72 men from the leadership of this province in 1913 in a place called Selan Paramithia (Ajdonat), who had gone for talks with the Greek side, as well as dozens and dozens of other innocent people.
To protest the Greek government’s persecution of the Albanian population of Chameria, on June 8, 1913, Cham patriots protested in front of European circles.
2. What terrified the Chams as a deadly act for Chameria were the satanic efforts of the Greek government in 1923-1924 to include Muslim Chams among the Muslim Turks living in Greece, who under the Lausanne Agreement, January 1923, between Turkey and Greece, would be exchanged with the Greeks of Anatolia. (1)
By flagrantly violating this agreement, the Greek government did not abide by the statement of its representative in Lausanne, Kalamanos, on January 19, 1923, stating that his government had no intention of exchanging “Muslims of Albanian origin” for whom he himself had proposed that “they live with a province that you have made very clear – Epirus” and that “while they are religious together with the Turks, they are not their compatriots at all.”
The Mixed Greek-Turkish Commission (March 1924) (3) decided that against the Albanian population of Chameria, an ethnic and historical reality recognized by the Greek side, that no procedures or formalities be implemented in the framework of the exchange of the Greek-Turkish population. .
Contrary to historical reality and the agreements reached, official Greek circles forcibly forced the exchange (like the black slaves in the Middle Ages) of the Chams numbering in the tens of thousands, realizing at the time part of a forgotten plan for ethnic cleansing. Autochthonous ethnic “minority” in their own lands.
3. With the coming to power of the fascist government of Joani Metaksani in 1936, the situation of the Albanian population of Chameria worsened.
This government pursued a policy of unprecedented discrimination. The consolidation with the Greeks continued in order to change the population ratios. Changing the Albanian names of the Albanian settlements with the Greek names.
Applied a real genocide, arrests, internments, confiscations of property. This program deepened step by step, making the lives of Albanians unbearable.
4. The situation in Chameria became more turbulent and more difficult, especially on the eve of World War II. On the eve of the occupation of Greece by fascist Italy, the Greek government mobilized the general population for war. The Albanians of Chameria, as subjects of this state, asked the then Greek government to mobilize them under arms to fight the common enemy.
Deeply “touched” by this freedom-loving gesture of the Chams, the Greek government thanked them and mobilized them, but instead of weapons they were given picks and shovels, taking them to the background to do second-hand work.
With this openly demonstrated distrust, the Greek government severely insulted the readiness of the Chams and distanced itself from it with premeditated intent, to later accuse the Muslim Chams of collaborating with the occupier.
5. With the occupation of Greece by Italy, the Greek authorities, out of fear of what they had done to the defenseless Cham population, ordered the forcible deportation of 14-year-old men to concentration camps in the Aegean, Hio, Medilin, Corinthian islands. etc.
On the way to exile, official Greek circles elaborated on the psychosis that they were prisoners of war who had killed the sons of the Greek people, inciting hatred and at the same time masking the truth, as innocents forcibly taken from their homes and not from the front. war.
During the internment in Mathuazen-type camps, the Chams were mistreated to the point of gradual physical extinction.
Meanwhile, in the Province of Chameria, women, the elderly and children were left unprotected, becoming victims of murders, robberies, rapes by the Greek criminal gang.
When the Chams returned from exile with their patient souls so as not to aggravate and deepen the threat they were threatening you with, they did not take any action of revenge but began their self-defense by choosing the path of reconciliation. This is evidenced by the serious and honest Greek historians themselves, and other citizens of this province.
Unparalleled genocide and deportation of ethnic (Muslim) Albanians
from their historic settlements
On June 27, 1944, in the province of Chameria, against the Albanian Muslim population, the last act of genocide led to the ethnic cleansing of this martyred population began.
The criminal gang of Greek chauvinism pours over this province the most unparalleled cruelty of humanity.
The barbarism that lies at the expense of this innocent population surpasses any human goal. Murder, rape, burial alive. Cutting of various bodily organs, nose, ears, etc. Women with severed and massacred breasts, children burned in the oven, pregnant women with cracked boats.
In the city of Paramithia on Tuesday, June 27, 1944, which is the day of “St. Bartholomew” for all Chameria, within 24 hours, over 600 men, women and children were killed.
In Filat during the period June 1944-March 1945 1286 people were massacred and killed.
192 were killed in Gumenica.
In Margellic and Parga 626 people, etc.
There are hundreds of others unidentified and missing without a trace.
All types of home furnishings have been looted en masse (the villages of Chameria have been mentioned for home appliances), etc.
– 68 villages were destroyed;
– 5800 houses were burned and demolished;
– All cult objects were destroyed and the property of these cults (over 80 mosques) was looted.
This is a reflection of Greek chauvinist barbarism.
OVERVIEW extortion and massacres DHUNUMESH COMMITTED BY THE POPULATION TO ALBANIA Greek chauvinist Cham DURING 1944-1945
inhabitants massacred, women,
old and young, in 2900
children, 96, 32 years under three
battered women, 745
Gra robbed, 76
Olive oil 8475200 kg
Cereals 6743400 kv
Working animals 4453 Small cattle
46 435, thick 5 137
The terror was of such proportions that the Albanian Muslim population was forced to flee due to violence, the lands of their millennial ancestors finding refuge in the Republic of Albania after March 1945.
The Anglo-American missions operating in Greece and Albania at this time clearly testify to the magnitude of this tragedy and its purpose.
Efforts to internationalize the Cham issue
After the violent expulsion, the Cham immigrants who resulted in Greek citizenship and Albanian nationality, were organized in Albania immediately during 1945 and under the leadership of the Cham Anti-Fascist Committee sensitized various international organizations and the mother country regarding their tragedy and their demands. legitimate.
After the war, the new post-war Albanian government addressed the Paris Peace Conference and the Conference of Foreign Ministers of the Allied Powers, not only supporting the alarming situation of the Chams, but also demanding their repatriation and repatriation. And that was their legitimate right to be protected even by the then international decisions on the rights of national minorities.
The picture of the misery of the Chams and their demands were also presented at the Paris Conference (1946) by the Albanian Foreign Minister.
However, the greatest efforts to internationalize the problem and to attract the support of Allied powers were made by the Cham National Anti-Fascist Committee, as the most direct representative of the Cham population.
There are numerous memoranda and telegrams of protest sent to the Allied Powers and relevant forums such as the United Nations Assembly in London and New York, the Presidency of the Allied Foreign Ministers in London and Moscow, the San Francisco Conference, the Government of England. , America, the Soviet Union, the Chamber of Deputies in Washington, London and Moscow, the General Staff of the Mediterranean, etc.
M E M O R A N D U M
OF THE ANTIFASHIST COMMITTEE OF THE CAME EMIGRANTS IN ALBANIA
INTRODUCTORY COMMISSION OF THE UNION SECURITY COUNCIL ON
TRAINING AND MASSACRES IN THE ALBANIAN GAM CHINA MINORITY
We, the Anti-Fascist Committee of Cham Emigrants in Albania, trusting in the democratic and humanitarian principles of UNO, on behalf of the Cham emigrants in Albania, present to the Commission of Inquiry our lost rights, oppression, persecution and massacres committed by Greek fascists for exterminate the Albanian Minority in Greece. Following our protests and demands to the Great Allies and the United Nations, we demand justice for what we present:
The chauvinist and reactionary Greek clique for 32 years, brutally violating every human principle and disregarding international treaties, has used a policy of extermination against the Albanian minority in Greece. As early as the Greek occupation of Chameria on February 23, 1913, Deli Janaqi’s gang, driven and supported by the local authorities, massacred for the slightest reason 72 men of the province of Paramithia in the Selamus basin. These massacres were the beginning of the extermination of the Albanian minority and reveal the orientation that Greek politics took towards our population.
Persecution, persecution, imprisonment, exile, torture, looting and robbery under the pretext of disarmament during the years 1914-1921, the terrorist activity of the commanders, the provocation in 1921 of General Bairas, all this shows the reality of the misery in which the population and ours at the time of the Greek occupation. Koska, Lopsi, Varfanji, Karbunari, Kardhiqi, Paramithia, Margëllëçi, Arpica, Grykohori, etc., are part of the villages that have paid the most for this terror. In 1922-1923, the Greek government decided to implement the relocation of the non-German element of Chameria (judging them as Turks) in exchange for the Greeks of Asia Minor (judging them by religion). This shameful act of the Athenian government was met with resistance and the intervention of the League of Nations,
But despite the intervention of the League of Nations and the solemn commitments made by the Greek government in Lausanne on January 16, 1923, the people of Athens continued their policy of disarmament. They used every means to make it difficult for the Albanian element to stay in Chameria, depriving hundreds of families of 6,000 hectares of land without the slightest reward, such as in Dushk, Gumenica, Kardhiq, Karbunar, etc. The government of Athens placed the immigrants of Asia Minor in Chameria in order to populate it with Greeks and create the possibility of emigration of the autochthonous Albanian population.
Entire families were forced to leave their homeland for Turkey, Albania, America and elsewhere, and villages such as Petrovci and Shëndëllinja were completely abandoned by Albanian residents. In these circumstances we did not enjoy any national rights and our mother tongue was still hindered; instead of the development of national culture and progress, fanaticism and ignorance are supported, instead of schools, religious clubs in Arabic were opened and helped, while 95% of our population is still illiterate. The province of Chameria, a rich and prosperous country, had been left behind without economic development, without traffic and in the hands of usurers, accountants such as Koqoni, Pitulejt, Kufalla, Zhulla, Ringa, etc., who impoverished and enslaved the whole country.
In the fight against fascism and just at the end of it, the reactionary Monarcho-Fascist forces of Lula e Sulit created by the reaction and in the service of the occupiers, under the command of General Napoleon Zerva, treacherously attacked and massacred the Albanian non-Germanic inhabitants of Chameria. At this time when ELAS troops and ours were in combat against the Germans, the EOEA command in compromise with the Germans operated to gain positions for the fratricidal war; and when our forces loyal to the spirit and decisions of the Treaty of Caserta (Sarafis-Zerva) August 1924, carried out the orders of the Joint Command in pursuit of the Germans, General Napoleon Zerva, Commander of the Resistance Forces in Epirus (ELAS – EOEA), simultaneously ordered operations and massacres at the expense of the innocent population of Chameria.
The massacres in Chameria are a flagrant violation of human principles and a shameful disregard for the principles and character of the anti-fascist war. The massacres in Chameria were carried out thanks to cooperation and agreements with the Germans, who withdrew from the Zervist forces. Here is a concrete fact of cooperation between the Zervist and German forces: Zervist Commander Theodhor Vito, of the forces of the province of Filat, a day before the entry of the Zervist forces in Filat and exactly on September 22, 1944 in the village of Fanaromen, 3 km from Filiat, met with the Commander of the German retreating forces. After this meeting we see that before the German forces left Filati, Theodhor Vito’s forces entered Filat.
The forces of the X Division of the EOEA under the command of Colonel Vasil Kamara and precisely those of the XIV Regiment of this Division led by Kranja, with the help of Lefter Strugari, lawyer Stavropullos, Ballum, Zotos, criminals with Pantazej stamps, etc., on 27 June 1944. entered the city of Paramithia. Contrary to the promises made and the agreement reached between Mufti Hasan Abdullaj on the one hand and Shapera with the Despot of Paramithia on the other hand as agents of Zerva, the most vicious massacres began. Unprotected men, women and children were the target of the Greek Monarcho-Fascists. The number of people massacred in the city of Paramithis and districts reaches 600 people. On July 28, 1944, Regime 40 forces under the Agora Command entered Parg where they massacred 52 men, women and children.
EOEA forces under the command of Theodhor Vito, Ilia Kaço, Hristo Mavrudhi, Hristo Kaço, Hari Dhiamanti, etc., after encircling the city of Filiat on 23 September 1944, entered the city on Saturday morning. On the same day, they entered Spatar, looted and looted all the families and everything they found. On the evening of the 23rd, at dawn on September 24, 1944, the forces commanded by Kranjaj, Strugari and others entered; with the arrival of these forces the massacres immediately began. 47 men, women and children were massacred in Filat and 157 counted the massacred killed and missing in Spatar, where a good portion of them had been collected from other villages. All the young women and girls were abused and dishonored by Zerva’s criminals. A few days later, the monarcho-fascists gathered all the remaining men and with the decision of the fake Court, Koqinja Kryetar, Stavropullos Prosecutor and four members, 47 innocent Albanians were massacred. In Granica, Filiat, the bodies of 46 people were stabbed and stabbed, and 45 others were found in Filati field near the field of Xhelo Metos.
Entire families have disappeared with parents, children and babies in the cradle. Women and girls were dishonored. Hundreds of statements from those who escaped describe the killings and the suffering that followed, and the criminality and purpose of the actions of the monarcho-fascists in Chameria became clear. Here are some examples: Sanije Bollati in Paramithi was burned with gasoline after her breasts were cut and her eyes were taken out. Ymer Murat was killed and torn to pieces in Paramithi.
More than 40 women had gathered at Sulo Tari’s house, and Chili Popova from Popova, dressed in military uniform, entered with a group of soldiers, took the most beautiful women and girls, and began to disperse them to another room. The screams of the girls and women reached their peak. This vileness continued all night. Seri Fejzo, Fizret Sulo Tare, etj. were the object of these vices. Hilmi Beqiri from Filati, after being injured in front of his family, left him and fled. To provide for him, the family shelters him at the dentist Mavrudhiu, he keeps him for a few hours, but later announces that they will take him and take him to Stavro Muhaxhiri, while he himself leaves for Shuaip Metja, where many families had gathered. The Andarts are informed, take it, first pull out the gold teeth with tongs and then kill it.
Malo Muhon, an 80-year-old patient who has been ill for four years, is killed with an ax in front of his wife. His brain jumped into his wife’s lap, which he collected and covered with a quilt and fled. In Spatar Abdul Nurçe is taken and taken to Filat barefoot, dragged through the city streets and finally killed in front of Nidh Tafeqi’s house. The family of Lile Rustemi from Shulashi, consisting of 16 people, mostly children, disappear completely without saving even one. Xhelal Mini from Paramithija was beheaded with bayonets on the body of Mufti Hasan Abdulla. Sali Muhdin, Abedin Bakos, Muhamet Pronja and Malo Sejdiu had their fingers, noses, tongues and legs cut off, and when they sat down with great pain, the Zervist andarts sang the songs of their commander and rejoiced when they saw these horrors. They were finally killed in the butchers’ dens.
Eshtref Himi, a citizen from Paramithia, states the following about the massacres in Paramithi: On Tuesday, June 27, 1944, at 7 am, Greek monarcho-fascists under the command of Colonel Kamara, Major Krasnja, Captain Lawyer Kristo Stavroprugulli, Captain Stokat Leok enter Paramithi. , N / Toger Nikolla Çenos, etj. As soon as they entered the city, they were ordered not to leave the place because honor, freedom and wealth would not be affected in any way. After lunch, arrests of women, men and women began immediately, and the theft began. All the men were killed by the next day. After being held in prison for four days, I was released to bury the dead. At the place called Church of St. George I was able to recognize 5 of the people killed, the others had become unknown due to the torture suffered. The five victims known to me are: Met Qere, Sami, Asim, Mahmut Kupi, Adem Beqiri and Haki Mile. After two days, they took me after “Galataj” near the house of Dhimitër Nikolla, where 8 people were killed. I couldn’t recognize them after they were torn to pieces. Human corpses were everywhere.
My name was Sanije Bollati, after she was subjected to horrific torture and burned alive with gasoline. This tragedy took place on Wednesday and Friday morning, her body was transported covered in a blanket by her mother and two fellow citizens who placed it in a cellar by order of the monarcho-fascists who left no one to look at it. . There this wretched woman died after five days, and her body was full of worms. Everything I declare I have seen with my own eyes. At first I hid for five days in a row when the monarcho-fascists arrested me and introduced me to Major Kranjaj, who after a short interrogation ordered my imprisonment. In prison I found 380 people, including women and children. 120 of these died of starvation. 4 people and I stayed in prison for 15 days and then we were transferred to Preveza from where we went to Ioannina where we stayed for 40 days. There we suffered indescribable torture. Then with the arrival of EAM troops in this city we were released.
Dervish Sulo from Spatar Village of Filiat describes them in this way in Spatar: On the morning of a Saturday in September 1944 the entire population gathered in front of the mosque in the village of Spatar. Soldiers began looting and dishonoring women, girls, and even the elderly.
Paçe Çulani, 50, was disgraced, robbed, had her hair cut off, and finally killed in her garden near Miço’s wheat. Sako Banushi’s family from Skopjona of eight people, women, men and children, had settled in our house. After the women who were stabbed in the chest were dishonored, they were all massacred. 5 women and 3 children were killed in Damin Muhameti’s house. At Fetin Muhameti’s house, Hane Isufi was tortured and then disgraced along with another woman. The head of 80-year-old Sulejman Dhrimica and his wife were beheaded at Dul Sherif’s house. Twenty people, women, children and men were burned alive at Mete Brahos’ home. Kije Nurqi, 76, was stabbed. I saw 30 massacred people in Zula’s vineyard and in Avdyl Nurçe’s garden.
Victims and casualties according to current statistics during the massacres of 1944 and 1945 at the expense of Albanians in Greece reaches the number 2877, divided as follows: Filati and district 1286, Gumenica and district 192, Paramithi and district 673 and Mërgëlliçi and Parga 620. This was the fate of all those who could not leave Chameria except for a few women who are today living witnesses to this horrific massacre in Paramithi in Prague, Spatar and Filat. Through their mouths, the criminality of the barbaric acts organized by the Greek monarcho-fascist reaction in Chameria becomes clear and naked. This butcher’s shop, which was inspired by the lowest feelings of chauvinistic and religious hatred, ended with the forced displacement of nearly 28,000 Chams who came and took refuge in Albania with the most mournful condoms.
68 villages with 5800 houses were looted, destroyed and burned. From the calculation of the damages, it turns out that 17000 head of cattle, 1200 fat, 21000 kv of blessings and 80,000 kv of oil, as well as the product of the year 1944-45, which reaches 11000000 kg, were left in Chameria and robbed by the monarcho-fascist forces of Zerva. blessings and 30,000,000 kg of oil. During the emigration, 110,000 head of cattle and 2,400 head of cattle died.
From all this it is clear the great economic catastrophe that our population is suffering by remaining on the roads of emigration only with the clothes of the body. Chameria in the great anti-fascist war gave materially and morally. The population of Chameria jumped unreservedly into a total war against the invaders and formed the IV Battalion of the 15th ELAS Regiment. More than 500 fighters from the small population of Chameria came out resolutely fighting against the Nazi-fascist occupiers and traitorous traitors. The blood of the martyrs Muharrem Myrtezai, Ibrahim Hallumi, Hysen Vejseli, etc., which was shed together with that of the Greek partisans in Qafat e Qeramicës, concretely prove this fact. At the end of the war and in the liberation of the country from the invader, the troops commanded by General Napoleon Zervos operated in our provinces and villages not as liberators.
In the Treaty of Caserta (Zarafi-Zervas) August 1944, resistance forces were put on common fronts against the Nazi army, under a joint command, and in certain operational areas. This agreement was violated in Chameria. Zerviste troops compromised with the Germans and by firing our forces prevented the activity of the IV Reg. XV in the designated area of Filat. Operations and massacres in the province of Filati are directly related to this situation and are in clear contradiction with the trust and spirit of cooperation established in Caserta. Even the last village of Chameria, Koska, one of the bases for organizing the resistance forces of the National Liberation Front in Chameria, was destroyed and burned as the end of the act for the destruction of Chameria. A commission of the Cham Antifascist Council was sent to Athens on June 30, 1944, to the Greek government of Mr. Papandreou with a protest vote against the massacres in Chameria while demanding their curbing. Papandreou’s government did not want to take any action or commitment.
After the operations of December 1944, with the liberation of Chameria from the occupier, a part of our population was repatriated and settled in the province of Filati. On March 12, 19445, the government forces of the Corfu garrison, violating the Varkiza agreement in February 1945, organized and treacherously carried out the ugly massacres of Vanra (Filati), which once again exposed the attitude and policy of the responsible authorities of the Greek government. regarding the extermination of the Albanian population of Chameria. In support of this situation, the UNRRA Mission in Albania had the approval of the Washington Center for Coordination in favor of Immigrants $ 1450,000 as immediate assistance to our plight. Even in these conditions, the Cham emigrants continued to contribute more and more to the Front.
At the conference of Shales (Konispol) held at the end of September 1944, the voice of the Chams in exile became stronger for cooperation against the occupiers and the injustices of the Greek monarcho-fascists. On September 23, 1945, at the Vlora Congress, the Cham delegates representing all Cham immigrant groups in Albania spoke out against the massacres of Greek monarcho-fascists committed against them and demanded memoranda addressed to the London Conference examining their problem and condemning it. the causes of the vain bloodshed in Chameria and the boundless suffering. Congress ended with a resolution summarizing all its work.
During emigration we have repeatedly appealed to the world for our denied rights and demanded repatriation. On October 30, 1944, the Cham Anti-Fascist Council sent a protest vote to the Government of the Greek National Union, the General Staff of the Mediterranean, the Allied Governments, the Central Committee of the EAM where the barbarism of the Greek fascists in Chameria was discussed. On May 9, 1945, the Cham Anti-Fascist Council sent to the Allied Military Mission a copy of the telegram to the President of the San Francisco Conference on Cham rights based on the Atlantic Charter. On June 27, 1945, telegrams of protest against the massacres in Chameria were sent by the Cham Anti-Fascist Council to the Democratic Government of Albania, the Allied Military, Soviet, British, American, French, Czechoslovak, Yugoslav Legation Mission, Albanian Albanians, America, Italy and Bulgaria.
The memorandum addressed to Mr. Hutxhinson MP Laburist of Great Britain on 26-XI-1945. Telegram addressed to the General Directorate of UNRRA by the Cham Anti-Fascist Committee (25-9-1945) asking for help. Memorandum addressed to the Chairman of the Conference of Allied Foreign Ministers in London by the Delegations of the Cham Congress on 3-4-9-1945. Memorandum addressed to the United Nations Assembly in London by the Cham Anti-Fascist Committee on 11 January 1946, reiterating the massacres and demanding their rights. Memorandum addressed to the United Nations Assembly in New York by the Cham Anti-Fascist Committee on October 25, 1946, etc.
We are victims of the monarchist regime that rules in Greece today. Together with the Greek brother people, we are suffering the consequences of the black terror that has erupted from them all over Greece. For two and a half years now, we have been flocking to Albania in misery away from our homeland, while our rich countries are being exploited unjustly by the agents of the Monarcho-Fascists in Chameria. Our suffering during emigration has been and is limitless. Thousands have died from this situation.
However, the protests and the rights that belong to us, we continue to be in emigration while the Greek Government takes measures and decides in our Chameria without any right foreign residents to prevent our return. On behalf of our population, we protest once again for all this, we submit to the Commission of Inquiry of the Security Council of UNNO the tragedy played in Chameria and we warn against a barbaric act committed with the aim of exterminating our population. We emphasize the need to end the Cham problem as soon as possible and we are confident that our demands, which are:
1. Taking immediate measures to prevent the placement of foreign elements in our hearths.
2. Repatriation of all Chams.
3. Return of property, compensation of our damages caused to movable and immovable property.
4. Help rebuild the hearths and our setting.
5. Insurance and guarantee deriving from international treaties and mandates, such as the provision of civil, political, cultural and personal security.
6. Trial and conviction of all perpetrators of crimes committed.
Expressing to you our most remarkable considerations,
Taho Sejho, Kasem Demi, Rexhep Çami, Tahir Demi, Vehip Demi, Dervish Dojaka, Hilmi Seiti. Iran 1947
Anti-Fascist Committee of Cham Emigrants
These demands and protests remain unanswered and unanswered. Representatives of the British, American, Russian and Yugoslav missions who attended the Second Cham Congress held in Vlora (Albania in 1945) and who witnessed the catastrophe of this population did not give an answer or support.
In 1946-1947, the UN International Commission of Inquiry during the verification of this tragedy on both sides of the state border concluded with vivid facts and evidence on the scale and reality of the massacres and this painful tragedy.
After that, the UNRRA International Forum itself categorized the Cham population expelled as immigrants, and an economic aid of over US $ 1.2 million and other material assistance to thousands of homeless and homeless Cham refugees.
While the Chams hoped for a solution to legitimate rights, their efforts were followed by an intolerable silence.
This period (1947-1990) is one of the most serious acts of this tragedy. Such silence with deep causes and consequences is still an enigma.
The official Greek position after the expulsion of Muslims from Chameria
1. Any attempt to preserve the identity of the origin of the Albanian population of the Orthodox faith who live today in Chameria (Thesporoti) was forcibly stopped. in order to lose consciousness of their national origin.
As a result of this oppressive assimilationist policy and discrimination, the Albanian population of the Orthodox faith must not today declare itself in Chameria.
2. After 1945, the action for the change of the demographic structures of Chameria, the colonization with Greek, Aromanian, Roma, etc. began. of the Cham settlements persecuted.
The intention was for the province of Chameria to change its physiognomy, but also for the other fact that the official Greek circles did not trust that this province would remain in the hands of the Orthodox Chams.
3. The properties and assets of the deported Chams, most of them by the Greek government, have been given to these settlers for use, but without the right to tap.
4. The current Greek government pursues a policy of discrimination against the Chams in Albania, preventing them from seeing their homes.
She fears the truth, the traditional revival of brotherhood, between Orthodox and Muslim Chams.
5. It finally changed the Albanian toponymy with Greek in the settlements of the Albanians in Chameria.
Democratization in Albania and tackling the problem
As a result of pluralism in Albania, in January 1991 the Patriotic Political Society “Chameria” was established as a continuation of the efforts and aspirations of the martyred population of Chameria.
The problem of Chameria is in the program of most political parties in Albania which are making efforts to solve this problem in accordance with the spirit and standards of international documents of the UN, the CSCE, and the Council of Europe on human rights. .
The Greek government and its top personalities have so far maintained a negative stance.
According to the official Greek position, Muslim Chams will not be allowed to return to Greece, “because they have cooperated with the Italian-German occupiers in World War II and as such they are war criminals and have been convicted under Greek law.” (K.Micotaqis, Tirana, May 1992).
This is a “hypothesis” that is both untrue and falsified.
To consider the Chams “criminal” at a time when they have shed blood, together with the Greeks, for common liberation, is a staged political-diplomatic crime.
Because: the Chams have not cooperated with the occupiers of any kind but are their victims.
– If in Chameria there were several dozen “Collaborationists” (a phenomenon that has been proven for all states that were occupied by Nazism, during the Second World War) in Greece as such there were 30,000 people with General Ralis in Krye.
No one is accusing them in Greece today, on the contrary, they have been rehabilitated with the general amnesty granted by this state.
– It is a historical fact that the Chams were among the first to join the Greek resistance against the common occupier (in the ranks of ELAS and EAM).
– There are indisputable documents and evidence on the truth of the Cham tragedy.
– There are German RAJH documents proving that Napolon Zerva, one of the main perpetrators of the genocide against the Chams, was a collaborator of the German Gestapo.
– A population of 30,000 cannot be blamed because, according to special political trials staged and in the absence of deported Chams, they were convicted under Greek law 1930 themselves.
This official Greek position is not at all in honor of the Greek “Democratic” Government, which has signed all international conventions on Human Rights and does not accuse it today of being guilty of these tragedies, but it is not at all humane to become an accomplice with the perpetrators of one of the worst post-World War II tragedies in Europe using apologies and hiding the real purpose. As long as this tragedy lasts, it will further aggravate the conscience of the Greek people.
Problem that awaits solution.
The martyred Albanian population of Chameria today in Europe of the human dimension seeks before all international forums. Before all European state, political-diplomatic circles. To the United States and beyond, it addresses the Greek Government and People for support and the fair resolution of its legitimate and human demands:
1. We demand that the State and the Greek Government, as a member of the European Community, a member of the 12th European Council, as a State which has signed all International Human Rights Acts and respect for national minorities, recognize our denied rights.
2. We demand that the State and the Greek Government accept the historical reality of the “Cham issue”.
3. To recognize the legal and civil rights of the Chams expelled in 1944-1945 from their autochthonous hearths, the right to their property and legal properties.
4. We demand that the Greek State and Government allow and enable the free movement of this population to see the hearths of the former.
Lekë place; 06/20/2020